Africa is blessed with so many animals, and seeing animals in the wilderness is one of the top things that attract people from other continents to visit countries in Africa.
While most people will already know that African elephants are the heaviest land animals, this article will let the other animals weigh in and compare with each other.
Weight Chart of African Animals
Here is the quick and easy weight chart of African animals showing their weight range in adult animals.
|#||Animal||Weight (kg)||Weight (lb)|
|1||African Elephant||5,200 - 8,000 kg||11,464 - 17,636 lb|
|2||Rhinocerous||3000 - 3600 kg||6,613 - 7,936 lb|
|3||Hippopotamus||1210 - 3000 kg||2.667 - 6,613 lb|
|4||Giraffe||700 - 1400 kg||1543 - 3,086 lb|
|5||Eland||400 - 1200 kg||881 - 2,645 lb|
|6||African Buffalo||300 - 870 kg||661 - 1,918 lb|
|7||Zebra||280 - 400 kg||617 - 881 lb|
|8||Okapi||200 - 350 kg||440 - 771 lb|
|9||Wildebeest||180 - 250 kg||396 - 551 lb|
|10||Gorilla||68 - 230 kg||150 - 507 lb|
|11||African Lion||120 - 170 kg||264 - 374 lb|
|12||Chimpanzee||40 - 70 kg||88 - 154 lb|
|13||Cheetah||21 - 70 kg||46 - 154 lb|
|14||Hyena||40 - 65 kg||88 - 143 lb|
|15||African Leopard||40 - 60 kg||88 - 132 lb|
|16||African Wild dog||20 - 25 kg||44 - 55 lb|
Heaviest African Animals
1. African Bush Elephant
The African Elephant is the heaviest land animal in Africa and in the whole world. There are 2 species of elephants in Africa, the African Bush (Savannah) Elephant, and the African Forest Elephant. The Savannah elephant is bigger in size than the forest elephant.
An adult male elephant can weigh up to 8,000 kilograms (17,636 pounds) but females are often smaller in size.
As their names suggest, the forest elephant lives in forested areas and the smaller size is an adaptation to easily move through the forested habitat. Another obvious physical adaptation is the tusks that are smaller and more downward-facing in comparison to their savannah counterpart.
The rhino is the third heaviest animal in Africa. Of the 2 species of rhinoceros found in Africa, - black, and white rhino, the white rhinoceros is the bigger and heavier species.
Generally, male rhinos are bigger and heavier than the female rhinos. An adult male white rhinoceros can weigh between 3000 and 3600 kilograms.
Related article: Interesting facts to know about rhinos
The common Hippopotamus is the fourth heaviest land animal in Africa. An adult male hippo weighs between 1,210 kilograms and 3,000 kilograms. Male hippos are often heavier than females because they are bigger in size.
Here is a full article that looks at 21+ facts about hippos and how they are interesting animals.
The Giraffe is not only the tallest land animal but it's heavy enough to become the fifth heaviest of the wild animals in Africa. Because of their tall stature, most people don't consider how heavy and big a giraffe is until they are face to face with it.
Male giraffes are often bigger than females and can weigh up to 1400 kilograms.
Related article: Where to see giraffes in the wild
The Eland is the biggest African antelope and can weigh up to 1200 kilograms. There are 2 subspecies of eland - giant eland and common eland.
The giant eland is bigger in size and an adult male will often weigh around 200 kilograms more than the biggest of the common eland.
6. African Buffalo
The African Buffalo is among the most dangerous animals in Africa. African buffalos weigh between 300 and 900 kilograms, with males weighing the heaviest.
The average size and weight of the buffalos can be different in various environments, but the quick and vengeful temper of the African buffalo is common to all of them.
While zebras are known for their striking black and white stripes, they are among the big land animals which can weigh between 280 and 400 kilograms among adults.
Related article: Where to see zebras in the wild habitat
The Okapi is a relative of the giraffe that lives only in northeastern DRC. It is also called the "forest giraffe", Congolese giraffe, or zebra giraffe.
This is because okapi looks like the cross-breed of a zebra and a giraffe. It has the long neck of giraffes as well as the black and white stripe pattern of zebras.
Adult Okapi weighs between 200 and 350 kilograms with females being bigger and heavier.
The Wildebeest are well known for their huge population and the migration they make every year in millions to search for water and pasture.
Adult male wildebeest can weigh up to 250 kilograms but females are often lighter. The Blue Wildebeest is the heavier of the subspecies.
Gorillas are the biggest - and heaviest primate species in the world. Of the 2 gorilla species (Eastern and Western gorilla) the Eastern gorillas are bigger and heavier.
In gorillas, the males are significantly larger than the female gorillas and can weigh almost twice as much. Gorillas weigh between 68 and 230 kilograms with females rarely weighing more than 130 kilograms.
An adult Eastern lowland silverback gorilla can weigh up to 230 kilograms.
Related article: Fascinating things to know about gorillas.
11. African Lion
The lion is called the king of beasts because of its strength and delivery. On the weighing scale, the lion is the 11th heaviest African land animal.
Adult lions often weigh between 120 and 170 kilograms - with males being bigger and heavier. While a lion is clearly not the heaviest or biggest animal in Africa, the fact that it will go after much heavier animals for prey is part of the bravery that justifies calling it the king of the beasts.
Related article: Where to see lions in the wild in Africa.
Chimpanzees are the closest animal relatives to humans. Unlike gorillas, male chimpanzees are not much bigger than females. Adult Chimpanzees weigh between 40 and 70 kilograms, with males weighing the heaviest.
As our close animal cousins, chimpanzees have complex social structures and on a visit with them, you can observe a lot of what could be called 'human' behaviour and mannerisms.
Related article: 13 Captivating Facts About Chimpanzees.
The cheetah is the fastest land animal and being lightweight is a great part of being fast. While cheetahs stand tall, they are very light and adults can weigh between 21 and 70 kilograms.
Since the cheetah's speed is helpful for its hunting of prey for food, fewer cheetahs come close to the maximum weight of 70 kilograms.
The hyena is probably one of those animals whose popularity is based on a love-to-hate idea. Hyenas are actually quite interesting.
An adult hyena often weighs between 40 and 65 kilograms with males being bigger and heavier than females.
15. African Leopard
The African leopard is the sneakiest and most solitary of all African animals. A sight of a leopard on a safari is a joy but sighting 2 or 3 adults together is essentially divine intervention.
The leopard is shorter and smaller compared to lions and cheetahs, and an adult will weigh between 40 and 60 kilograms. For its size, the leopard is storky and strong.
Besides, its seemingly physical shortcomings, a leopard can carry a kill 2 or three times its own weight up a tree.
16. African Wild dog
The African wild dog is another great carnivore on the African savannah that can hunt animals several times bigger in size. The painted wolf, as it is also called is a small animal that can weigh between 20 and 25 kilograms.
Despite their small size, African wild dogs are by a large margin, the best hunters in Africa with a hunt success rate of more than 80%. Unlike cheetahs whose lightweight helps them run faster for a short period, African wild dogs chase their prey until it gets completely exhausted and stops.
Related article: Facts about African wild dogs.
When thinking about wildlife and how several animals all survive in the harsh wilderness, it can seem like some animals are lucky and others are not.
Truthfully, it seems like every animal has enough shortcomings but uses them to its advantage. Without this precise balance, one animal that is the bravest, heaviest, biggest, and fastest animal would kill off the whole ecosystem.
On earth, the animal with the most advantages overall is humans. And this is why our human activity has the biggest impact on ecosystems around us. In a truly optimistic fashion, this is also why we are truly capable of protecting and restoring natural ecosystems.