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For anybody interested in African bird watching, Uganda is the ultimate destination. The country's small size might mislead you into dismissing it as a bird-watching destination, and yet more than 1000 different bird species can be seen there.

Statistically, this is around 50% of all bird species in Africa. As a birder, this means you will check off the most birds in Uganda. Whether you are new to birding or a seasoned birder, this is exciting.

This article is intended to give you a glance at all the birds in Uganda. Going into any form of detail would require a dedicated book. The birds are grouped and shown in tables and lists for simpler formatting, and we hope this makes it easy to read through. 

Bird Species Found In Uganda


Ostriches are flightless birds native to Africa, and the largest living species of bird. They are distinctive in appearance, with long necks and legs and the ability to run at high speeds.

  • Common ostrich
ostriches in pian upe

Ducks, Geese, And Waterfowl

Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.

  • White-faced whistling-duck
  • Fulvous whistling-duck
  • White-backed duck
  • Knob-billed duck
  • Hartlaub's duck
  • Egyptian goose
  • Spur-winged goose
  • African pygmy-goose
  • Garganey
  • Blue-billed teal
  • Northern shoveler
  • Eurasian wigeon
  • African black duck
  • Yellow-billed duck
  • Red-billed duck
  • Northern pintail
  • Green-winged teal
  • Southern pochard
  • Common pochard
  • Ferruginous duck
  • Tufted duck
  • Maccoa duck


Guineafowl are a group of African, seed-eating, ground-nesting birds that resemble partridges, but with featherless heads and spangled grey plumage.

  • Helmeted guineafowl
  • Crested guineafowl

New World Quail

Despite their family's common name, these two species are native to Africa.

  • Stone partridge
  • Nahan's francolin

Pheasants, Grouse, And Allies

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls, and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings.

  • Latham's francolin
  • Crested francolin
  • Coqui francolin
  • Ring-necked francolin
  • Red-winged francolin
  • Moorland francolin
  • Orange River francolin
  • Shelley's francolin
  • Blue quail
  • Common quail
  • Harlequin quail
  • Handsome francolin
  • Jackson's francolin
  • Hildebrandt's francolin
  • Scaly francolin
  • Heuglin's francolin
  • Clapperton's francolin
  • Yellow-necked francolin
  • Red-necked francolin


Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down.

  • Greater Flamingo
  • Lesser flamingo
flamingo migration


Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.

  • Little grebe
  • Great crested grebe
  • Eared grebe

Pigeons And Doves

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

  • Rock pigeon
  • Speckled pigeon
  • Afep pigeon
  • Rameron pigeon
  • Delegorgue's pigeon
  • Bronze-naped pigeon
  • Lemon dove
  • White-naped pigeon
  • European turtle-dove
  • Dusky turtle-dove
  • Mourning collared-dove
  • Red-eyed dove
  • Ring-necked dove
  • Vinaceous dove
  • Laughing dove
  • Emerald-spotted wood-dove
  • Black-billed wood-dove
  • Blue-spotted wood-dove
  • Tambourine dove
  • Namaqua dove
  • Bruce's green-pigeon
  • African green-pigeon


Sandgrouse have small, pigeon-like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes.

  • Lichtenstein's sandgrouse
  • Four-banded sandgrouse


Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays.

  • Kori bustard
  • Denham's bustard
  • White-bellied bustard
  • Buff-crested bustard
  • Black-bellied bustard
  • Hartlaub's bustard


great blue turaco

The turacos, plantain-eaters, and go-away birds make up the bird family Musophagidae. They are medium-sized arboreal birds. The turacos and plantain-eaters are brightly coloured, usually blue, green, or purple. The go-away birds are mostly grey and white.

  • Great blue turaco
  • Black-billed turaco
  • White-crested turaco
  • Hartlaub's turaco
  • Purple-crested turaco
  • Rwenzori turaco
  • Ross's turaco
  • Bare-faced go-away-bird
  • White-bellied go-away-bird
  • Eastern plantain-eater


The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites.

  • Black-throated coucal
  • Senegal coucal
  • Blue-headed coucal
  • White-browed coucal
  • Black coucal
  • Blue malkoha
  • Green malkoha
  • Great spotted cuckoo
  • Levaillant's cuckoo
  • Pied cuckoo
  • Thick-billed cuckoo
  • Dideric cuckoo
  • Klaas's cuckoo
  • Yellow-throated cuckoo
  • African emerald cuckoo
  • Dusky long-tailed cuckoo
  • Olive long-tailed cuckoo
  • Barred long-tailed cuckoo
  • Black cuckoo
  • Red-chested cuckoo
  • Lesser cuckoo
  • African cuckoo
  • Madagascar cuckoo
  • Common cuckoo

Nightjars And Allies

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings.

Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves.

  • Pennant-winged nightjar
  • Standard-winged nightjar
  • Eurasian nightjar
  • Sombre nightjar
  • Nubian nightjar
  • Black-shouldered nightjar
  • Fiery-necked nightjar
  • Abyssinian nightjar
  • Rwenzori nightjar
  • Swamp nightjar
  • Plain nightjar
  • Star-spotted nightjar
  • Freckled nightjar
  • Bates's nightjar
  • Long-tailed nightjar
  • Slender-tailed nightjar
  • Square-tailed nightjar


Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

  • Mottled spinetail
  • Sabine's spinetail
  • Cassin's spinetail
  • Scarce swift
  • Alpine swift
  • Mottled swift
  • Common swift
  • Nyanza swift
  • Pallid swift
  • African swift
  • Little swift
  • Horus swift
  • White-rumped swift
  • African palm-swift


The flufftails are a small family of ground-dwelling birds found only in Madagascar and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • White-spotted flufftail
  • Buff-spotted flufftail
  • Red-chested flufftail

Rails, Gallinules, And Coots

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which include the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers.

In general, they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers.

  • African rail
  • Corn crake
  • African crake
  • Gray-throated rail
  • Spotted crake
  • Lesser moorhen
  • Eurasian moorhen
  • Little crake
  • Allen's gallinule
  • Nkulengu rail
  • Striped crake
  • African swamphen
  • Baillon's crake
  • Black crake
  • Red-knobbed coot


Heliornithidae is a small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots.

  • African finfoot


Grey crowned crested crane

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".

  • Gray crowned-crane
  • Black crowned-crane


The thick-knees are a group of waders found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia.

They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes, and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.

  • Water thick-knee
  • Eurasian thick-knee
  • Indian thick-knee
  • Senegal thick-knee
  • Spotted thick-knee

Egyptian Plover

The Egyptian plover is found across equatorial Africa and along the Nile River.

  • Egyptian plover

Stilts And Avocets

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

  • Black-winged stilt
  • Pied Avocet


The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs.

  • Eurasian oystercatcher

Plovers And Lapwings

The family Charadriidae includes plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in the open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.

  • Black-bellied plover
  • Long-toed lapwing
  • Senegal lapwing
  • Pacific golden-plover
  • Spur-winged plover
  • Crowned lapwing
  • Black-headed lapwing
  • Lesser sand-plover
  • Wattled lapwing
  • White-headed lapwing
  • Three-banded plover
  • Caspian plover
  • Brown-chested lapwing
  • White-fronted plover
  • Kittlitz's plover
  • Greater sand-plover
  • Little ringed plover
  • Kentish plover
  • Common ringed plover
  • Forbes's plover


Painted snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured.

  • Greater painted-snipe


The jacanas are a group of waders found throughout the tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.

  • Lesser jacana
  • African jacana

Sandpipers And Allies

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil.

Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

  • Broad-billed sandpiper
  • Eurasian curlew
  • Whimbrel
  • Bar-tailed godwit
  • Ruddy turnstone
  • Ruff
  • Black-tailed godwit
  • Temminck's stint
  • Sanderling
  • Curlew sandpiper
  • Common sandpiper
  • Dunlin
  • Pectoral sandpiper
  • Common snipe
  • Little stint
  • Red-necked phalarope
  • African snipe
  • Jack snipe
  • Common greenshank
  • Terek sandpiper
  • Great snipe
  • Green sandpiper
  • Spotted redshank
  • Wood sandpiper
  • Lesser yellowlegs
  • Marsh sandpiper
  • Common redshank


The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.

  • Small buttonquail
  • Black-rumped buttonquail
  • Quail-plover

Pratincoles And Coursers

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings, and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings, and long, pointed bills that curve downwards.

  • Temminck's courser
  • Three-banded courser
  • Collared pratincole
  • Bronze-winged courser
  • Black-winged pratincole
  • Rock pratincole
  • Madagascar pratincole
  • Gray pratincole

Gulls, Terns, And Skimmers

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, gulls, terns, and skimmers. Gulls are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.

Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live more than 30 years.

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish.

  • Lesser black-backed gull
  • Slender-billed gull
  • Caspian gull
  • Gray-hooded gull
  • Black-headed gull
  • Pallas's gull
  • White-winged tern
  • Gull-billed tern
  • Caspian tern
  • Lesser crested tern
  • Whiskered tern
  • Black tern
  • Common tern
  • African skimmer

Shearwaters And Petrels

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

  • Southern giant-petrel


marabou stork closeup

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest.

Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

  • African openbill
  • Black stork
  • Abdim's stork
  • Woolly-necked stork
  • Yellow-billed stork
  • Marabou stork
  • Saddle-billed stork
  • White stork

Related article: Interesting things to know about the marabou stork (picture above)


Anhingas or darters are often called "snake birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the females.

The females have much paler plumage, especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body.

Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.

  • African darter

Cormorants And Shags

Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies, with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black-and-white, and a few being colourful.

  • Long-tailed cormorant
  • Great cormorant


Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. They have webbed feet with four toes.

  • Great white pelican
  • Pink-backed pelican


shoebill wingspan

The shoebill is a large bird related to the storks. It derives its name from its massive shoe-shaped bill.

  • Shoebill

Related article: Interesting facts about the shoe bill


The hamerkop is a medium-sized bird with a long shaggy crest. The shape of its head with a curved bill and crest at the back is reminiscent of a hammer, hence its name. Its plumage is drab-brown all over.

  • Hamerkop

Herons, Egrets, And Bitterns

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons, and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter-necked and more wary. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills.

  • Great bittern
  • Gray heron
  • White-crested bittern
  • Little bittern
  • Goliath heron
  • Black-headed heron
  • Dwarf bittern
  • Purple heron
  • White-backed night-heron
  • Great egret
  • Little egret
  • Western reef-heron
  • Black heron
  • Cattle egret
  • Malagasy pond-heron
  • Striated heron
  • Intermediate egret
  • Black-crowned night-heron
  • Squacco heron
  • Rufous-bellied heron

Ibises And Spoonbills

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

  • Glossy ibis
  • African sacred ibis
  • Spot-breasted ibis
  • Olive ibis
  • Eurasian spoonbill
  • African spoonbill
  • Hadada ibis


The secretarybird is a bird of prey, but is easily distinguished from other raptors by its long crane-like legs.

  • Secretarybird


The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

  • Osprey

Hawks, Eagles, And Kites

african fish eagle

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight.

  • Black-winged kite
  • Palm-nut vulture
  • European honey-buzzard
  • Scissor-tailed kite
  • Bearded vulture
  • Congo serpent-eagle
  • African harrier-hawk
  • Egyptian vulture
  • Black-chested snake-eagle
  • African cuckoo-hawk
  • White-headed vulture
  • Short-toed snake-eagle
  • Rüppell's griffon
  • Lappet-faced vulture
  • Beaudouin's snake-eagle
  • Bateleur
  • Hooded vulture
  • Banded snake-eagle
  • Brown snake-eagle
  • White-backed vulture
  • Long-crested eagle
  • Bat hawk
  • Lesser spotted eagle
  • Greater spotted eagle
  • Crowned eagle
  • Wahlberg's eagle
  • Ayres's hawk-eagle
  • Martial eagle
  • Verreaux's eagle
  • Cassin's hawk-eagle
  • Booted eagle
  • Lizard buzzard
  • African hawk-eagle
  • Tawny eagle
  • Gabar goshawk
  • Dark chanting-goshawk
  • Steppe eagle
  • Grasshopper buzzard
  • Eastern chanting-goshawk
  • Pallid harrier
  • Montagu's harrier
  • Eurasian marsh-harrier
  • African goshawk
  • Red-chested goshawk
  • African marsh-harrier
  • Shikra
  • Levant sparrowhawk
  • Chestnut-flanked sparrowhawk
  • Black goshawk
  • Little sparrowhawk
  • Red-thighed sparrowhawk
  • Long-tailed hawk
  • African fish-eagle
  • Ovambo sparrowhawk
  • Black kite
  • Common buzzard
  • Rufous-breasted sparrowhawk
  • Mountain buzzard
  • Long-legged buzzard
  • Red-necked buzzard
  • Augur buzzard


Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.

  • African grass-owl
  • Barn owl


The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

  • Northern white-faced owl
  • African scops-owl
  • Cape eagle-owl
  • Southern white-faced owl
  • Spotted eagle-owl
  • Grayish eagle-owl
  • Eurasian scops-owl
  • Fraser's eagle-owl
  • Shelley's eagle-owl
  • Verreaux's eagle-owl
  • Pel's fishing owl
  • Pearl-spotted owlet
  • Red-chested owlet
  • African barred owlet
  • Chestnut owlet
  • African wood-owl
  • Short-eared owl
  • Marsh owl


The mousebirds are slender greyish or brown birds with soft, hairlike body feathers and very long thin tails. They are arboreal and scurry through the leaves like rodents in search of berries, fruit, and buds.

They are acrobatic and can feed upside down. All species have strong claws and reversible outer toes. They also have crests and stubby bills.

  • Speckled mousebird
  • Blue-naped mousebird


The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits.

Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage.

  • Narina trogon, Apaloderma narina
  • Bar-tailed trogon


Hoopoes have black, white, and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head.

  • Eurasian hoopoe

Woodhoopoes And Scimitarbills

The woodhoopoes are related to the hoopoes, ground hornbills, and hornbills. They most resemble the hoopoes with their long curved bills, used to probe for insects, and short rounded wings. However, they differ in that they have metallic plumage, often blue, green, or purple, and lack an erectile crest.

  • Green woodhoopoe
  • White-headed woodhoopoe
  • Forest woodhoopoe
  • Black scimitarbill
  • Abyssinian scimitarbill
  • Common scimitarbill


The ground-hornbills are terrestrial birds which feed almost entirely on insects, other birds, snakes, and amphibians.

  • Abyssinian ground-hornbill
  • Southern ground-hornbill


Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured.

  • Red-billed dwarf hornbill
  • Crowned hornbill
  • African pied hornbill
  • Eastern yellow-billed hornbill
  • Hemprich's hornbill
  • African gray hornbill
  • Von der Decken's hornbill
  • Jackson's hornbill
  • Black-casqued hornbill
  • Northern red-billed hornbill
  • Black dwarf hornbill
  • White-crested hornbill
  • Black-and-white-casqued hornbill
  • Piping hornbill
  • White-thighed hornbill
  • Brown-cheeked hornbill


malachite kingfisher

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails.

  • Half-collared kingfisher
  • Shining-blue kingfisher
  • Malachite kingfisher
  • White-bellied kingfisher
  • African pygmy kingfisher
  • Chocolate-backed kingfisher
  • African dwarf kingfisher
  • Woodland kingfisher
  • Blue-breasted kingfisher
  • Gray-headed kingfisher
  • Striped kingfisher
  • Giant kingfisher
  • Pied kingfisher


The bee-eaters are a group of near-passerine birds. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia, and New Guinea.

They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies, and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar.

  • Red-throated bee-eater
  • White-fronted bee-eater
  • Black bee-eater
  • Blue-breasted bee-eater
  • Swallow-tailed bee-eater
  • Little bee-eater
  • Cinnamon-chested bee-eater
  • White-throated bee-eater
  • Green bee-eater
  • Blue-cheeked bee-eater
  • Madagascar bee-eater
  • European bee-eater
  • Southern carmine bee-eater
  • Northern carmine bee-eater


lilac breasted roller

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not.

  • European roller
  • Abyssinian roller
  • Rufous-crowned roller
  • Lilac-breasted roller
  • Broad-billed roller
  • Blue-throated roller

African Barbets

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured.

  • Yellow-billed barbet
  • Crested barbet
  • Red-and-yellow barbet
  • D'Arnaud's barbet
  • Green tinkerbird
  • Moustached tinkerbird
  • Gray-throated barbet
  • Western tinkerbird
  • Red-rumped tinkerbird
  • Speckled tinkerbird
  • Red-fronted tinkerbird
  • Yellow-throated tinkerbird
  • Red-fronted barbet
  • Yellow-spotted barbet
  • Yellow-rumped tinkerbird
  • Spot-flanked barbet
  • Hairy-breasted barbet
  • Yellow-fronted tinkerbird
  • Black-throated barbet
  • White-headed barbet
  • Double-toothed barbet
  • Red-faced barbet
  • Black-collared barbet
  • Black-breasted barbet
  • Black-billed barbet


Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the greater honeyguide which leads traditional honey-hunters to bees' nests and after the hunters have harvested the honey, feeds on the remaining contents of the hive.

  • Cassin's honeyguide
  • Zenker's honeyguide
  • Wahlberg's honeyguide
  • Dwarf honeyguide
  • Pallid honeyguide
  • Willcock's honeyguide
  • Least honeyguide
  • Lesser honeyguide
  • Thick-billed honeyguide
  • Lyre-tailed honeyguide
  • Spotted honeyguide
  • Scaly-throated honeyguide
  • Greater honeyguide


Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.

  • Rufous-necked wryneck
  • Cardinal woodpecker
  • Eurasian wryneck
  • Speckle-breasted woodpecker
  • Bearded woodpecker
  • African piculet
  • Golden-crowned woodpecker
  • Brown-eared woodpecker
  • Gabon woodpecker
  • Brown-backed woodpecker
  • Buff-spotted woodpecker
  • Elliot's woodpecker
  • African gray woodpecker
  • Tullberg's woodpecker
  • Olive woodpecker
  • Green-backed woodpecker
  • Golden-tailed woodpecker
  • Nubian woodpecker

Falcons And Caracaras

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

  • Pygmy falcon
  • Eurasian kestrel
  • Greater kestrel
  • Lesser kestrel
  • Fox kestrel
  • Gray kestrel
  • Red-footed falcon
  • Dickinson's kestrel
  • Amur falcon
  • Eurasian hobby
  • Red-necked falcon
  • Sooty falcon
  • African hobby
  • Eleonora's falcon
  • Lanner falcon
  • Peregrine falcon
  • Saker falcon
  • Taita falcon

Old World Parrots

Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. In size, they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length.

Old World parrots are found from Africa east across the south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand.

  • Rose-ringed parakeet
  • Black-collared lovebird
  • Red-headed lovebird

African And New World Parrots

Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. In size, they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Most of the more than 150 species in this family are found in the New World.

  • Gray parrot
  • Brown-necked parrot
  • Meyer's parrot

African And Green Broadbills

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.

  • African broadbill
  • Rufous-sided broadbill

Asian And Grauer's Broadbills

Only one member of this small family is found in Africa, and its range is limited to Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It feeds mostly on fruits.

  • Grauer's broadbill


Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards and are stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails, and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects, and similar invertebrates.

  • African pitta
  • Green-breasted pitta

Cuckoo shrikes

The cuckoo shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured.

  • Gray cuckoo shrike
  • Black cuckoo shrike
  • White-breasted cuckoo shrike
  • Petit's cuckoo shrike
  • Red-shouldered cuckoo shrike
  • Purple-throated cuckoo shrike

Old World Orioles

The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles.

  • Western black-headed oriole
  • Eurasian golden oriole
  • African golden oriole
  • African black-headed oriole
  • Black-tailed oriole
  • Black-winged oriole

Wattle-Eyes And Batises

The wattle-eyes, or puffback flycatchers, are small stout passerine birds of the African tropics. They get their name from the brightly coloured fleshy eye decorations found in most species in this group.

  • Brown-throated wattle-eye
  • Chestnut wattle-eye
  • Jameson's wattle-eye
  • Black-throated wattle-eye
  • Yellow-bellied wattle-eye
  • Gray-headed batis
  • Western black-headed batis
  • Rwenzori batis
  • Chinspot batis
  • Pygmy batis
  • Ituri batis

Vangas, Helmetshrikes, And Allies

The helmetshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes, but tend to be colourful species with distinctive crests or other head ornaments, from which they get their name.

  • Black-and-white shrike-flycatcher
  • Rufous-bellied helmetshrike
  • Red-billed helmetshrike
  • Yellow-crested helmetshrike
  • African shrike-flycatcher
  • White helmetshrike

Bushshrikes And Allies

Bushshrikes are similar in habits to shrikes, hunting insects and other small prey from a perch on a bush. Although similar in build to the shrikes, these tend to be either colourful species or largely black; some species are quite secretive.

  • Black-backed puffback
  • Brubru
  • Pink-footed puffback
  • Black-crowned tchagra
  • Northern puffback
  • Marsh tchagra
  • Brown-crowned tchagra
  • Red-eyed puffback
  • Lühder's bushshrike
  • Three-streaked tchagra
  • Tropical boubou
  • Papyrus gonolek
  • Sulphur-breasted bushshrike
  • Slate-coloured boubou
  • Many-colored bushshrike
  • Fiery-breasted bushshrike
  • Lowland sooty boubou
  • Willard's sooty boubou
  • Gray-green bushshrike
  • Gray-headed bushshrike
  • Fülleborn's boubou
  • Doherty's bushshrike
  • Albertine boubou
  • Lagden's bushshrike


The drongos are mostly black or dark grey, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations.

They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground.

  • Sharpe's drongo
  • Glossy-backed drongo
  • Fork-tailed drongo
  • Velvet-mantled drongo

Monarch Flycatchers

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching.

  • Blue-headed crested-flycatcher
  • African crested-flycatcher
  • Black-headed paradise-flycatcher
  • African paradise-flycatcher


Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A shrike's beak is hooked, like that of a typical bird of prey.

  • Red-backed shrike
  • Lesser gray shrike
  • Gray-backed fiscal
  • Red-tailed shrike
  • Yellow-billed shrike
  • Mackinnon's shrike
  • Isabelline shrike
  • Taita fiscal
  • White-rumped shrike
  • Emin's shrike
  • Northern fiscal
  • Souza's shrike
  • Woodchat shrike
  • Masked shrike

Crows, Jays, And Magpies

The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.

  • White-necked raven
  • Somali crow
  • Pied crow
  • Fan-tailed raven
  • Piapiac


The members of this small family, all of genus Hyliota, are birds of the forest canopy. They tend to feed in mixed-species flocks.

  • Yellow-bellied hyliota
  • Southern hyliota

Fairy Flycatchers

Most of the species of this small family are found in Africa, though a few inhabit tropical Asia. They are not closely related to other birds called "flycatchers".

  • White-bellied crested-flycatcher
  • White-tailed blue flycatcher
  • Dusky crested-flycatcher
  • White-tailed crested-flycatcher
  • African blue flycatcher

Tits, Chickadees, And Titmice

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.

  • White-shouldered black-tit
  • White-bellied tit
  • Stripe-breasted tit
  • White-winged black-tit
  • Dusky tit
  • Somali tit


The penduline-tits are a group of small passerine birds related to the true tits. They are insectivores.

  • Mouse-colored penduline-tit
  • Yellow penduline-tit
  • African penduline-tit


Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.

  • Chestnut-backed sparrow-lark
  • Fischer's sparrow-lark
  • Foxy lark
  • Rufous-naped lark
  • Rufous-rumped lark
  • Dusky lark
  • Red-winged lark
  • Pink-breasted lark
  • Flappet lark
  • White-tailed lark
  • Singing bushlark
  • Sun lark
  • Red-capped lark


The nicators are shrike-like, with hooked bills. They are endemic to sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Western nicator
  • Yellow-throated nicator

African Warblers

African warblers are small to medium-sized insectivores which are found in a wide variety of habitats south of the Sahara.

  • Lemon-bellied crombec
  • White-browed crombec
  • Red-faced crombec
  • Moustached grass-warbler
  • Grauer's warbler
  • Green crombec
  • Gray longbill
  • Yellow longbill
  • Northern crombec
  • Green hylia
  • Tit-hylia

Cisticolas And Allies

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub.

  • Yellow-vented eremomela
  • Greencap eremomela
  • Turner's eremomela
  • Green-backed eremomela
  • White-chinned prinia
  • Rwenzori apalis
  • Yellow-bellied eremomela
  • Black-collared apalis
  • Gray wren-warbler
  • Rufous-crowned eremomela
  • Miombo wren-warbler
  • Cricket longtail
  • Red-winged gray warbler
  • Buff-bellied warbler
  • Masked apalis
  • Green-backed camaroptera
  • Black-capped apalis
  • Black-faced apalis
  • Yellow-browed camaroptera
  • Black-throated apalis
  • Gray apalis
  • Olive-green camaroptera
  • Yellow-breasted apalis
  • Karamoja apalis
  • Chestnut-throated apalis
  • Buff-throated apalis
  • Pale prinia
  • Tawny-flanked prinia
  • Banded prinia
  • Red-fronted prinia
  • Black-faced rufous-warbler
  • Red-winged prinia
  • Singing cisticola
  • Gray-capped warbler
  • Red-faced cisticola
  • Whistling cisticola
  • Chubb's cisticola
  • Hunter's cisticola
  • Trilling cisticola
  • Rock-loving cisticola
  • Carruthers's cisticola
  • Boran cisticola
  • Black-backed cisticola
  • Red-pate cisticola
  • Rattling cisticola
  • Wing-snapping cisticola
  • Wailing cisticola
  • Winding cisticola
  • Croaking cisticola
  • Stout cisticola
  • Tabora cisticola
  • Siffling cisticola
  • Foxy cisticola
  • Zitting cisticola
  • Tiny cisticola
  • Desert cisticola

Reed Warblers And Allies

The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass.

The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and its surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa.

  • Eastern olivaceous warbler
  • Papyrus yellow-warbler
  • African yellow-warbler
  • Mountain yellow-warbler
  • Upcher's warbler
  • Icterine warbler
  • Eurasian reed warbler
  • Sedge warbler
  • Marsh warbler
  • African reed warbler
  • Basra reed warbler
  • Lesser swamp warbler
  • Greater swamp warbler
  • Great reed warbler

Grassbirds And Allies

Locustellidae is a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over.

  • Bamboo warbler
  • Fan-tailed grassbird
  • White-winged swamp warbler
  • River warbler
  • Evergreen-forest warbler
  • Cinnamon bracken-warbler
  • Highland rush warbler
  • Grauer's swamp warbler


The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape.

The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

  • White-throated blue swallow
  • Ethiopian swallow
  • Plain martin
  • White-headed sawwing
  • Bank swallow
  • Banded martin
  • Rufous-chested swallow
  • Angola swallow
  • Rock martin
  • Lesser striped swallow
  • Barn swallow
  • Mosque swallow
  • Montane blue swallow
  • Common house-martin
  • Black sawwing
  • Red-rumped swallow
  • Gray-rumped swallow
  • Wire-tailed swallow


Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.

  • Eastern mountain greenbul
  • Red-tailed bristlebill
  • Lesser bristlebill
  • Yellow-throated greenbul
  • Spotted greenbul
  • Shelley's greenbul
  • Eastern bearded-greenbul
  • Swamp greenbul
  • Joyful greenbul
  • Slender-billed greenbul
  • Red-tailed greenbul
  • Simple greenbul
  • Honeyguide greenbul
  • Leaf-love
  • Gray greenbul
  • Yellow-whiskered bulbul
  • Ansorge's greenbul
  • Plain greenbul
  • Yellow-streaked greenbul
  • Northern brownbul
  • Little greenbul
  • White-throated greenbul
  • Toro olive-greenbul
  • Common bulbul
  • Icterine greenbul
  • Cabanis's greenbul
  • Sassi's greenbul
  • Xavier's greenbul

Leaf Warblers

Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours.

  • Red-faced woodland-warbler
  • Uganda woodland-warbler
  • Wood warbler
  • Brown woodland-warbler
  • Common chiffchaff
  • Willow warbler

Bush Warblers And Allies

The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. Their taxonomy is in flux, and some authorities place genus Erythrocerus in another family.

  • Chestnut-capped flycatcher
  • Neumann's warbler

Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, And Allies

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.

  • Eurasian blackcap
  • African hill babbler
  • Rwenzori hill babbler
  • Garden warbler
  • Brown parisoma
  • Greater whitethroat
  • Barred warbler

White-Eyes, Yuhinas, And Allies

The white-eyes are small and mostly undistinguished, their plumage above being generally some dull colour like greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye.

  • Green white-eye
  • Northern yellow white-eye
  • Southern yellow white-eye

Ground Babblers And Allies

These small to medium-sized songbirds have soft fluffy plumage but are otherwise rather diverse. Members of the genus Illadopsis are found in forests, but some other genera are birds of scrublands.

  • Pale-breasted illadopsis
  • Brown illadopsis
  • Mountain illadopsis
  • Scaly-breasted illadopsis
  • Puvel's illadopsis

Laughingthrushes And Allies

The members of this family are diverse in size and colouration, though those of genus Turdoides tend to be brown or greyish. The family is found in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia.

  • Red-collared mountain-babbler
  • Rufous chatterer
  • Capuchin babbler
  • Arrow-marked babbler
  • Brown babbler
  • Dusky babbler
  • Black-lored babbler


Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark.

They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.

  • African spotted creeper


As both the English and scientific names of these birds imply, they feed on ectoparasites, primarily ticks, found on large mammals.

  • Red-billed oxpecker
  • Yellow-billed oxpecker


Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. The plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.

  • Chestnut-winged starling
  • Wattled starling
  • Waller's starling
  • Violet-backed starling
  • Neumann's starling
  • Magpie starling
  • Slender-billed starling
  • Rüppell's starling
  • Sharpe's starling
  • Red-winged starling
  • Splendid starling
  • Purple starling
  • Bristle-crowned starling
  • Superb starling
  • Stuhlmann's starling
  • Greater blue-eared starling
  • Narrow-tailed starling
  • Bronze-tailed starling
  • Lesser blue-eared starling
  • Purple-headed starling

Thrushes And Allies

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

  • Oberländer's ground-thrush
  • Rufous flycatcher-thrush
  • Abyssinian thrush
  • Black-eared ground-thrush
  • White-tailed ant-thrush
  • African thrush
  • Abyssinian ground-thrush
  • Red-tailed ant-thrush
  • Gray ground-thrush

Old World Flycatchers

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.

  • African dusky flycatcher
  • Spotted flycatcher
  • Gambaga flycatcher
  • Yellow-footed flycatcher
  • Swamp flycatcher
  • Cassin's flycatcher
  • Gray-throated tit-flycatcher
  • Sooty flycatcher
  • Pale flycatcher
  • Dusky-blue flycatcher
  • Gray tit-flycatcher
  • Ashy flycatcher
  • African forest-flycatcher
  • Chapin's flycatcher
  • Silverbird
  • Yellow-eyed black-flycatcher
  • Northern black-flycatcher
  • Fire-crested alethe
  • African gray flycatcher
  • Southern black-flycatcher
  • Forest scrub-robin
  • White-eyed slaty-flycatcher
  • Rufous-tailed scrub-robin
  • Archer's robin-chat
  • Blue-shouldered robin-chat
  • Red-backed scrub-robin
  • Cape robin-chat
  • Snowy-crowned robin-chat
  • White-bellied robin-chat
  • Red-capped robin-chat
  • Brown-backed scrub-robin
  • Gray-winged robin-chat
  • Collared palm-thrush
  • Spotted morning-thrush
  • White-browed robin-chat
  • White-starred robin
  • European pied flycatcher
  • Forest robin
  • Brown-chested alethe
  • Semicollared flycatcher
  • Lowland akalat
  • Red-throated alethe
  • Rufous-tailed rock-thrush
  • Equatorial akalat
  • Common nightingale
  • White-fronted black-chat
  • Thrush nightingale
  • Collared flycatcher
  • Miombo rock-thrush
  • African stonechat
  • Common redstart
  • Isabelline wheatear
  • Northern wheatear
  • Capped wheatear
  • Heuglin's wheatear
  • Mocking cliff-chat
  • Moorland chat
  • Little rock-thrush
  • Desert wheatear
  • Whinchat
  • Pied wheatear
  • Ruaha chat
  • Sooty chat
  • Familiar chat

Dapple-Throat And Allies

This species and two others, all of different genera, were formerly placed in the family Promeropidae, the sugarbirds, but were accorded their own family in 2017.

  • Gray-chested babbler

Sunbirds And Spiderhunters

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.

  • Western violet-backed sunbird
  • Fraser's sunbird
  • Gray-headed sunbird
  • Eastern violet-backed sunbird
  • Little green sunbird
  • Green sunbird
  • Blue-throated brown sunbird
  • Collared sunbird
  • Green-headed sunbird
  • Northern double-collared sunbird
  • Pygmy sunbird
  • Blue-headed sunbird
  • Greater double-collared sunbird
  • Olive sunbird
  • Green-throated sunbird
  • Golden-winged sunbird
  • Amethyst sunbird
  • Scarlet-chested sunbird
  • Olive-bellied sunbird
  • Tiny sunbird
  • Purple-breasted sunbird
  • Purple-banded sunbird
  • Tacazze sunbird
  • Malachite sunbird
  • Orange-tufted sunbird
  • Bronze sunbird
  • Red-tufted sunbird
  • Red-chested sunbird
  • Regal sunbird
  • Beautiful sunbird
  • Stuhlmann's sunbird
  • Mariqua sunbird
  • Palestine sunbird
  • Prigogine's sunbird
  • Shining sunbird
  • Superb sunbird
  • Variable sunbird
  • Copper sunbird

Weavers And Allies

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black. Some species show colour variation only in the breeding season.

  • White-browed sparrow-weaver
  • White-billed buffalo-weaver
  • Red-billed buffalo-weaver
  • Chestnut-crowned sparrow-weaver
  • Speckle-fronted weaver
  • Red-bellied malimbe
  • White-headed buffalo-weaver
  • Gray-headed social-weaver
  • Blue-billed malimbe
  • Northern brown-throated weaver
  • Baglafecht weaver
  • Crested malimbe
  • Heuglin's masked-weaver
  • Little weaver
  • Red-headed malimbe
  • Vitelline masked-weaver
  • Black-necked weaver
  • Slender-billed weaver
  • Lesser masked-weaver
  • Spectacled weaver
  • Red-headed weaver
  • Golden-backed weaver
  • Holub's golden-weaver
  • Northern masked-weaver
  • Black-billed weaver
  • Strange weaver
  • Village weaver
  • Vieillot's weaver
  • Orange weaver
  • Chestnut weaver
  • Black-headed weaver
  • Fox's weaver
  • Cinnamon weaver
  • Golden-naped weaver
  • Weyns's weaver
  • Compact weaver
  • Yellow-mantled weaver
  • Forest weaver
  • Red-headed quelea
  • Maxwell's black weaver
  • Cardinal quelea
  • Red-billed quelea
  • Brown-capped weaver
  • Southern red bishop
  • Black-winged bishop
  • Northern red bishop
  • Black bishop
  • Yellow bishop
  • Yellow-crowned bishop
  • White-winged widowbird
  • Marsh widowbird
  • Yellow-mantled widowbird
  • Fan-tailed widowbird
  • Grosbeak weaver
  • Red-collared widowbird

Waxbills And Allies

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills.

They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns.

  • Gray-headed silverbill
  • Bronze mannikin
  • Magpie mannikin
  • Black-and-white mannikin
  • African silverbill
  • Dusky crimsonwing
  • White-collared oliveback
  • Yellow-bellied waxbill
  • Jameson's antpecker
  • Green-backed twinspot
  • Shelley's crimsonwing
  • Gray-headed nigrita
  • Chestnut-breasted nigrita
  • Abyssinian crimsonwing
  • Pale-fronted nigrita
  • Red-faced crimsonwing
  • White-breasted nigrita
  • Black-faced waxbill
  • Gray-headed oliveback
  • Black-cheeked waxbill
  • Kandt's waxbill
  • Orange-cheeked waxbill
  • Black-crowned waxbill
  • Crimson-rumped waxbill
  • Fawn-breasted waxbill
  • Black-rumped waxbill
  • Common waxbill
  • Red-cheeked cordonbleu
  • Quailfinch
  • Zebra waxbill
  • Black-bellied seedcracker
  • Cut-throat
  • Purple grenadier
  • Red-headed bluebill
  • Grant's bluebill
  • Dybowski's twinspot
  • Green-winged pytilia
  • Red-winged pytilia
  • Dusky twinspot
  • Orange-winged pytilia
  • Brown twinspot
  • Red-billed firefinch
  • African firefinch
  • Jameson's firefinch
  • Black-faced firefinch
  • Black-bellied firefinch
  • Bar-breasted firefinch


The indigobirds are finch-like species which usually have black or indigo predominating in their plumage. All are brood parasites which lay their eggs in the nests of estrildid finches.

  • Broad-tailed paradise-whydah
  • Straw-tailed whydah
  • Pin-tailed whydah
  • Eastern paradise-whydah
  • Village indigobird
  • Steel-blue whydah
  • Wilson's indigobird
  • Parasitic weaver

Old World Sparrows

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects.

  • Northern gray-headed sparrow
  • Shelley's rufous sparrow
  • House sparrow
  • Yellow-spotted bush sparrow
  • Parrot-billed sparrow
  • Chestnut sparrow
  • Sahel bush sparrow

Wagtails And Pipits

Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. They are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country.

  • Western yellow wagtail
  • Cape wagtail
  • Mountain wagtail
  • African pied wagtail
  • Gray wagtail
  • White wagtail
  • Plain-backed pipit
  • African pipit
  • Long-billed pipit
  • Red-throated pipit
  • Tawny pipit
  • Tree pipit
  • Yellow-throated longclaw
  • Striped pipit
  • Short-tailed pipit
  • Golden pipit

Finches, euphonias, And Allies

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.

  • White-rumped seedeater
  • Oriole finch
  • African citril
  • Yellow-fronted canary
  • Western citril
  • Southern citril
  • Papyrus canary
  • White-bellied canary
  • Brimstone canary
  • Black-throated canary
  • Streaky seedeater
  • Reichard's seedeater
  • Reichenow's seedeater
  • Thick-billed seedeater
  • Yellow-crowned canary
  • West African seedeater

Old World Buntings

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns.

  • Cinnamon-breasted bunting
  • Brown-rumped bunting
  • Cabanis's bunting
  • Golden-breasted bunting
  • Ortolan bunting
  • Somali bunting

Final Thoughts

Uganda's savannahs, forests, mountains, swamps and lakes create a combination of various ecosystems that make a good home for birds. Whether you are in Uganda for a short gorilla-tracking adventure or a longer safari with many attractions in mind, you will get to see so many birds. Whether you are in the middle of the city or out in the middle of nowhere - birds.

As crucial parts of the ecosystem, birds offer a different perspective on how to look at the world and the environment around them.

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